Creativity: Ken Robinson

Source: ECS.org website, Jul 2005

About ten years ago, George Land and Beth Jarman published a book called, Breakpoint and Beyond: Mastering the Future Today. They report on research they did over a series of years of divergent thinking. Divergent thinking is not the same thing as creativity, but it is a good example of it. It’s the capacity to think non-logically: to think analogically and associatively.
They gave a series of tests to 1,600 three- to five-year-olds. If they achieved above a particular score they would be considered geniuses divergent thinking.
  • Of the 1600 children, 98% scored at the genius level or higher for divergent thinking.
  • They gave the same tests to the same children five years later at the ages of 8 to 10. Then 32% scored at the genius level in divergent thinking.
  • They gave the same test to the same children at the ages of 14 to 15 and the result was 10%.
Interestingly, they gave the same test to over 200,000 adults and the figure was 2%.
Related Washington Post Mar 2012 article on Nurturing Creativity
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